Kines Digest ( 体育读者文摘)Volume 5, Issue 3, 2020

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论体教融合 促身心健康

亲爱的读者,

我们的体育读者文摘迎新年期刊已出版发行了。新年来临之际,我们祝各位“牛”年顺利,平安!

众所周知全世界期待已久的新冠疫苗已经问世了。她给世界人民带来了希望。随着疫情的反弹加重,疫苗问世之日成了与病毒竞赛的起跑线。我们为她加油!我们度过了艰苦漫长的2020抗役之年,将迎来2021的针剂之年,抗役还在继续,要恢复正常的学习和生活还需要很长的路要走。我们将继续为我们体育工作者提供引领世界体育前的和行之有效的科研文摘。

在本期里,我们要谈论的主题是体教融合给世界体育战线带来的益处。话说体教融合,其实在50年代末到60年代初,在中国的学校教育领域里一直提倡的是学生要德智体的全面发展的教育方针。在这个方针下,学校在体教融合的方面做的很好。可是历经文革,和参与世界奥运的竞技比赛,逐渐将竞技体育作为衡量体育水准的第一标准,与大众体育拉开了距离。由此对青少年的身体素质和心理素质都带来了很大的负面影响。所以,要发展体教结合,不单是体育界的重视问题,它直接关系到一代青少年的成长,以及给国家培养优秀接班人的大事。它还能为社会的文化,经济的发展带来正能量。

我在美国生活了30多年,亲眼目睹了儿子在美国这个体教融合下健康成长的过程。从国家的教育政策到学校的规划落实,到社区和家庭的参于与实践,使教育与体育完美地结合在一起,并让它发挥到了极致。 具体表现在,一, 体教融合广泛性,它不分年龄,不只集中在青少年和学校的范围。从幼儿一直到老人都有自己的体育活动团体。 二,提倡竞赛,在比赛中自然淘汰,追求优胜完美。凡是体育竞赛优胜者都必须是比分和品质兼优者。 学生追求德智体兼优者,成年和老年人优胜者必须是比分与贡献的兼优者。三,家庭的参与和社区组织赛事的互动,带动了社会文化和经济的发展。在多年的体教融合的正确政策和方法指导下,许多青少年学会能吃苦耐劳,独立自主,不怕失败,坚持不懈。成长为德智体全面发展的娇娇者。 总之,坚持做好体教融合的发展工作,它一定会为国家培养出更多的优秀人才,以及提高大众的身体和心理的健康水平。

我们在本期特为读者推荐了体教融合的好文。比如,如何建立学业成绩与体育活动相结合的健康生活方式;如何通过强度训练带给青少年认知和心理健康(具体请看第8-9页). 以及在学校体育(K-12)领域从多个不同的角度看体教结合是如何执行的。(具体请看第50-55页)。

除了体教融合,体医融合为发展健康的国家一直是我们积极提供的平台。尤其在疫情期间,病毒导致慢性病患者大量的死亡,科学家们对怎么去管理好慢性疾病成了主要关心和研究的课题。随着退休人群的壮大,老年人的体育锻炼,身体活动的干预都成了体医融合工作之焦点。2013年,联合国的世界卫生组织对年龄段标准做出了新的规定。18-44岁为青年,45-59岁为中年,60-74岁为年轻老年人,75-89岁为老年人, 90岁以上为长寿老年人。将人类的衰老期推迟了十年。 这对人们心理健康和抗衰老意识将产生积极的影响。对我们研究运动与医学范围又扩展了十年。美国新任拜登总统都78岁了,还是那么地精神昂扬,平凡地旅行,挑战自己。 这就是新时代的变化,医学的进步发达,人类自身运动与医学结合的结晶。作为体育工作者我们要广开科研的思路,敢于在多变的时代中接受新的挑战。有关科学健身以及运动医学的文章具体请看第21-33页。老年人和妇女的运动与健康系列文章具体请看第44-49页。在弘扬中国的传统体育专栏里我们还专门选编了体医结合范例,用太极和气功运动对新冠病毒患者的恢复,防治,对糖尿病以及其它的慢性病患者的干预所带来的益处。具体请看第10页,以及传统体育专栏。

总之,选择您需要的有科研依据的信息。 希望我们的信息对您有所帮助。为人类美好的健康生活添砖加瓦。

–来自总编的序言

On the integration of sports and education, Promote physical and mental health

Dear readers,

The Kines Digest welcome New Year’s issue has been published. We wish you all a happy and a healthy 2021!

It is well known that the world’s long-waited and people’s hope the vaccine has been on the market.  As the outbreak rebounded, the vaccine became a starting line in the race against the virus. Let’s cheer her on! We have passed a long and difficult battle year of 2020, the 2021 will be the year of vaccination, to return to normal life still needs a long way to go. We will continue to provide this excellent information platform to introduce the latest information in sports, physical activity and health around the world.

In this issue, we are going to talk about the benefits of the integration of sports and education. In fact, from the late 1950s to the early 1960s, the school education in China has been advocating the education policy of students to develop moral, intellectual and physical education an all-around. Under this policy, the school did a good job in the integration of sports and education. However, after the Cultural revolution, and attending competitive competition for Olympic games, gradually take competitive sports as the first standard to measure the level of sports, and the popular sports was far behind. Thus, it results in negative impact on the physical and mental health of young people. Therefore, to develop the combination of sports and education, not only important for the sports community, it is directly related to the growth of a generation of young people, as well as to the country to cultivate excellent successors. It can also bring positive power to the cultural and economic development of society.

I have lived in the United States for more than 30 years and witnessed my son’s healthy growth under the system of sports and education integration in the United States. From national education policies to school planning and implementation, to community events and parent involvement, sports and education are perfectly integrated and maximized.

The mainly manifested in, first, the integration of sports and education is broad, it is no age limit. Not only concentrated in the scope of adolescents and school students, but from toddler to the elderly all have their own sports clubs or organizations. Second, encourage competition sports and natural elimination if you lose, pursue excellence and perfection. The winner of any kind of sport must have both the best score and good character.  Students of school winners pursue both good scores and intelligent, adult and elderly winners must be both best score and have contribution. Third, the community-organized events and parent involvement drive cultural and economic development. Under the policies of physical education guidance over the years, many young people learn to work hard, be independent, not afraid of failure, and persevere. Grow into excellent talents. In short, adhere to the development of sports and education integration, it will certainly cultivate more outstanding talents for the country, as well as improve the physical and mental health level.

In this issue, we recommend some good articles on the integration of sports and education. Such as, how to build a healthy lifestyle that combines academic performance with physical activity; how to bring cognitive and mental health to adolescents through intensity training (Detail see pages 8-9); And in the School physical education (K-12) category, provides how integration of sports and physical education is implemented from a number of different perspectives. (Detail see pages 50-55).

In addition to the integration of sports and education, the integration of sports and medicine has always been our active platform. Especially during the outbreak, the virus caused a large number of deaths of chronic disease patients, how to manage chronic diseases has become the scientists’ main concern and research topic. With the growth of the retired population, the elderly physical exercise and the intervention of medicine have become the sports medicine focus. In 2013, the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) made new rules on age groups. youth aged 18 – 44 years old, adults aged 45 – 59 years old, young seniors aged 60-74 years old, seniors aged 75-89 years, and longevity elderly aged over 90 years. The aging period of human beings has been delayed by ten years. This new rule has had a positive impact on people’s mental health and anti-aging. The sports and medicine field expands for another ten years. As we all know the new President of the United States, Joe Biden is 78 years old, he is still full of energy, travels frequently, likes challenging himself. This is the change of the new era, the development of medicine and the combination of sports medicine. As a worker in sports or physical education, we should all open up our scientific research ideas and bravely accept new challenges.

For the health fitness and sports medicine articles, please see pages 21-33. For the sports and health series of the elderly and women, please see pages 44-49. In addition, in the traditional sports category, we selected some integration of sports and Chinese medicine research articles.  Such as, how they used Taichi and Qigong movements for the recovery, prevention and treatment of virus patients and how the traditional Chinese sports medicine to benefit from intervention for diabetes and other chronically ill patients, please see page 10 and pages 34-37.

In short, please select your interested research-based articles.  We hope our information will lead the direction of your research and contribute to human health.

– A preface from the Editor-in-Chief

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