Sedentary Behavior and Health (久坐行为与健康)


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Product Description

Product Description:

From office jobs and long commutes to passive entertainment like television and video games, humans are sitting more than ever. Though lack of exercise has major health consequences, researchers are now examining the additional and widespread health risk of the simple act of sitting for extended periods. With research from leading scientists, Sedentary Behavior and Health: Concepts, Assessments, and Interventions presents evidence on sedentary behavior, its apparent health risks, and suggestions on measuring and altering this behavior.

Editors Weimo Zhu and Neville Owen have assembled a highly respected team of international contributors. Together, they provide an interdisciplinary review of current research, examining scientific, public health, and broader social questions about the implications of sedentary behavior. These topics include humans’ physiological predispositions, exacerbation of current health conditions like obesity and diabetes, and the design and ergonomics of offices and chairs.

To examine the many facets of this developing area of study, Sedentary Behavior and Health is divided into five parts:

  • “Sedentary Behavior Concepts and Context” reviews the physiology of sedentary behavior, investigating current habits from the perspectives of evolution, industrial engineering, and design.
  • “Sedentary Behavior and Health” explores the relationship between sedentary behavior and several major chronic diseases, including obesity, cardiovascular disease, and low-back pain.
  • “Measuring and Analyzing Sedentary Behavior” explains research methods for understanding and measuring sedentary behavior in order to recognize patterns and design interventions.
  • “Sedentary Behavior and Subpopulations” covers issues, risks, and behaviors in groups such as children, working adults, older adults, and minorities.
  • “Changing Sedentary Behavior” provides methods and recommendations for improvement with environmental, social, community, worksite, and technology-based interventions.

Included in this groundbreaking text are learning objectives, key concepts, and study questions to focus attention on key issues and reinforce concepts. Reviews of the literature in the field are presented, many with comparisons in table form, to provide the full scope of research. Sidebars throughout the text apply theoretical concepts to real-world scenarios.

Inactivity is mismatched with many aspects of humans’ genetic makeup. While it is becoming the new norm, the consequences of this behavior are emerging as a public health threat. Sedentary Behavior and Health will serve as a key reference for the rapidly emerging research area of sedentary behavior.


Part I. Sedentary Behavior Concepts and Context

Chapter 1. Emergence of Research on Sedentary Behavior and Health
Neville Owen
Contemporary Sedentary Behavior Research and Concepts
Sedentary Behavior and Health
Sedentary Research Agenda
Sedentary Behavior Research Priorities
Chapter 2. Gravity, Sitting, and Health
Joan Vernikos
Gravity and Spaceflight
Head Down Bed Rest Studies
Gravity Deprivation Syndrome
Health Consequences of Prolonged Sitting and Gravity
Perceiving Gravity
Gravity Intervention Design and Implementation
Chapter 3. Physiological Effects of Reducing and Breaking Up Sitting Time
David W. Dunstan, Bethany J. Howard, Audrey Bergouignan, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, and Neville Owen
Methodological Considerations for Studies of Sedentary Behavior
Metabolic Effects of Reduced Sitting and the Postprandial State
Cardio Metabolic Effects Following Exposure to Reduced Sitting
Cardiometabolic Effects of Repeated-Day Exposure to Reduced Sitting
Public Health and Clinical Guidelines
Chapter 4. Rethinking the Chair and Sitting
Galen Cranz
Problems with Sitting in Chairs
Chair Designer Response
Postural Education
Chapter 5. Children and Screen Time
Jorge A. Banda and Thomas N. Robinson
Screen Time Exposure
Mobile Devices and Screen Time Changes
Influences on Media Use
Screen Time and Body Weight
Screen Time and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors
Screen Time, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Screen Time and Dietary Habits
Experimental Studies of Reducing Screen Time

Part II. Sedentary Behavior and Health

Chapter 6. Economics of Sedentary Occupations
Kenneth A. Glover
Economic Sectors
Economics of Inactivity
Worksite Health Promotion
Regulation and Innovation
Choice Architecture
Chapter 7. Sedentary Behavior and Obesity
Michael L. Power
Role of Fat
Adipose Tissue and Endocrine Function
Mismatch Paradigm
Obesity and Inflammation
Central Versus Peripheral Obesity
Sex Differences in Fat Storage and Mobilization
Vitamin D, Adipose Tissue, and Sedentary Behavior
Obesity Prevalence
Chapter 8. Sedentary Behavior and Incident Diabetes
Carl J. Caspersen and G. Darlene Thomas
Diabetes Statistics
Key Risk Factors
Epidemiological Diabetes Research
Research Limitations
Six Criteria to Assess a Causal Inference for Sedentary Behavior and Diabetes
Chapter 9. Sedentary Behavior and Cardiovascular Disease
Edward Archer, Enrique G. Artero, and Steven N. Blair
Cardiovascular Diseases
Occupational Physical Activity and CVD
Physical Activity and CVD
Chapter 10. Sedentary Behavior and Cancer
Brigid M. Lynch and Christine M. Friedenreich
Cancer Epidemiology
Key Risk Factors
Sedentary Behavior and Cancer Research
Sedentary Behavior and Cancer Survivorship
Proposed Biological Mechanisms
Chapter 11. Sedentary Behavior and Low Back Pain
Marco S. Boscolo and Weimo Zhu
Low Back Pain and Its Impact
Spine Anatomy
Spine Stability
Known Risk Factors of Low Back Pain
Relationship Between Low Back Pain and Sedentary Behavior
Prevention of Low Back Pain
Chapter 12. Sedentary behavior and psychological well-being
Stuart J.H. Biddle and Stephan Bandelow
Sedentary Behavior and Depression
Sedentary Behavior and Cognitive Functioning
Sedentary Behavior and Health-Related Quality of Life

Part III. Measuring and Analyzing Sedentary Behavior

Chapter 13. Assessing Sedentary Behavior Using Questionnaires
Barbara E. Ainsworth, Alberto Flórez Pregonero, and Fabien Rivière
Key Components of Questionnaires
Measurement Principles of Questionnaires
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 14. Assessing Sedentary Behavior Using Motion Sensors
Kong Y. Chen and Richard P. Troiano
Key Components of Motion Sensors
Measurement Principles of Motion Transducers
Practical Guidelines
Potential of Raw Accelerometer Data
Chapter 15. Assessing Sedentary Behavior Using Physiological Sensors
David Bassett and Dinesh John
Key Components of Physiological Sensors
Measurement Principles of Physiological Sensors
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 16. Assessing Sedentary Behavior Using New Technology
Dinesh John and Stephen Intille
Existing Technology for Measuring Sedentary Behavior
Sedentary Behavior Measurement Goals
Improvements and Emerging Technology for Measuring Sedentary Behavior
Data Collection, Storage, and Open Source Processing
Chapter 17. Critical Measurement and Research Issues in Analyzing Sedentary Behavior
Weimo Zhu
Sedentary Behavior Data Characteristics
Challenges and Solutions in the Analysis of Sedentary Behavior Data

Part IV. Sedentary Behavior and Subpopulations

Chapter 18. Sedentary Behavior in Children
Gregory J. Welk and Youngwon Kim
Measures of Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Health Effects of Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Epidemiology of Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Differences in Sedentary Behavior by Age and Gender
Social and Cultural Differences in Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Correlates of Youth Sedentary Behavior
Patterns of Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Intervention Approaches for Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Chapter 19. Occupational Sedentary Behavior in Adults
Wendy J. Brown
Most Sedentary Occupations
Characteristics of Sitting at Work
Health Effects of Occupational Sitting
Changing Sitting at Work to Improve Health Outcomes
Chapter 20. Sedentary Behavior of Older Adults
Jorge A. Banda, Sandra J. Winter, and Abby C. King
Measuring Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults
Health and Functional Outcomes of Sedentary Behavior
Putative Drivers of Sedentary Behavior
Possible Contexts of Sedentary Behavior
Interventions Aimed at Reducing Sedentary Behavior
Chapter 21. Sedentary Behavior in Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups
Melicia C. Whitt-Glover and Tyrone G. Ceaser
Correlates of Sedentary Behavior
Interventions to Reduce Sedentary Behavior in Racial/Ethnic Minorities

Part V. Changing Sedentary Behavior

Chapter 22. Psychological and Behavior-Based Interventions
Kevin Moran and John P. Elder
Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior
Social Cognitive Theory
Health Belief Model
Transtheoretical Model
Operant Conditioning, Contingency Management and Positivistic Models
Socioecological Models
Chapter 23. Environment and Policy Interventions
Jordan A. Carlson and James F. Sallis
Comprehensive Multi-Level Approaches
Evaluating Environment and Policy Interventions
Integrating Environment and Policy Interventions with Other Approaches
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 24. Sedentary Behavior and Worksite Interventions
Nicolaas P. Pronk
Characteristics of Worksite Interventions
Applications of Worksite Interventions
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 25. Community Based Interventions
Adrian Bauman and Josephine Y. Chau
Framework for Assessing Sedentary Behavior-Reducing Interventions
Evaluating Community-Based Interventions
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 26. Ergonomics of Redesigning Sitting
John B. Shea
Characteristics and Impact of Chair Designs and Positional Behaviors
Applications of Sitting Redesign
Practical Guidelines
Chapter 27. Emerging Communication Systems to Curb Physical Inactivity
Dolores Albarracin, Vera Liao, Jessica Yi, and Cheng Zhai
Determinants of Exposure and Attitude
Determinants of Attitude and Behavior Change
Information Systems

Epilogue: Where to Go From Here?
Weimo Zhu and Neville Owen



Textbook and reference for students and professionals in the exercise sciences, physical education, physical and/or occupational therapy, and public health. A key reference for those working in or studying workplace wellness initiatives, applied behavioral science, urban planning, engineering and design, and environmental and public policy

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